FSM- faecal sludge managment

Given the many problems associated with flush toilets and the sewerage system, pit toilets offer a viable solution in India. However, the use of soakpits raises the question of groundwater contamination. This paper assesses the impact of pit toilet leachate on groundwater quality in Mulbagal town (pop ~ 60,000) in Karnataka relies on pit toilets, and uses groundwater for drinking....

Biotoilets are biological toilets, named so because they convert human waste into non toxic, non contaminating water compatible with environmental standards, through application of multi strain bacteria culture, using aerobic forms of bacteria.

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this Report includes data for 248 urban local bodies (ULB) of Maharashtra collected for the project - Performance Assessment System (PAS). It includes data on key indicators developed on water supply, sanitation and solid waste management. It provides data on service level, coverage, effeciency, finance, cost recovery, ULB capacity and equaity in service delivery.

Using analogies that resonate with the rural mind, this Marathi film by  the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (Government of Maharashtra) makes a convincing argument for toilet construction and use.The film's content has been guided by Mr. Dhumal, chief secretary of the water supply and...

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