Usage

Census 2011 revealed that 47% of households had access to toilets across the country. Though not enough to be ecstatic, the numbers were certainly better than the 36% recorded in the 2001 Census [1].

The government gathers and compiles details such as these through centralized processes such as the decadal Census and the socio-economic surveys of the National Sample Survey Office...

India’s status as the world leader in poor sanitation is deplorable. It may come as a surprise to many that African countries like Rwanda and Malawi have dealt with the issue of open defecation in a better manner compared to India. 70% of rural Indians, that is around 550 million people answer nature’s call out in the open.  Life in urban India may not be as arduous as it is in the villages,...

While the burden of bad sanitation affect men and women, its consequences are far worse for the latter. Bad sanitation results not only in poor health but also greatly limits women’s mobility and freedom affecting their safety and impeding them from living a dignified life.

'Toilet Torture in Mumbai’s Slums: When will our political and administrative leaders end the daily assaults on...

India's rural sanitation programme- Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) was started in 1999, with a goal of eradicating open defecation. Renamed to Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) in April 2012, the focus and approach of this programme was supposed to undergo a paradigm shift. Rather than emphasizing only on the construction of toilets, it was to emphasize on changing cultural norms to reduce and...

The Government of Jharkhand has published a technical document in order to encourage the construction and usage of toilets in the state of Jharkhand. The manual begins with an introduction to Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA), a government programme to tackle open defecation in rural India. The basic principles of NBA include...

Pages

Subscribe to Usage