FSM- faecal sludge managment

Working conditions of the sanitory workers have found to remain unchanged over the years and pose a considerable risk to the dignity and health of the workers. For example, studies indicate that sanitory workers are exposed to a range of health hazards such as exposure to harmful gases like methane and hydrogen sulfide, cardiovascular degeneration, musculoskeletal disorders like osteoarthritic...

VRFHuman faeces and urine (toilet manure) are a serious waste disposal problem especially in areas with high human population density. At the same time they are rich in nutrients that are essential to plants.

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Author : Gagandeep

“We have to end the biggest dehumanising activity called manual scavenging”

The Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrine Prohibition Act in 1993 was intended to give some relief from this activity, but still nothing has been done to eradicate this practice. Tens of thousands of people are engaged in manual...

This report published by WaterAid describes the findings of the study conducted in seven poverty pockets in Bhopal to look at patterns of use of communal latrine facilities. Much has been invested in building communal and public...

Manual scavenging is the most obnoxious and inhuman practice violating the dignity and human personhood of safai karmacharis. It involves the engagement or employment of sections of people to manually dispose human excreta from dry latrines with bare minimum aids such as scrappers, brooms and baskets.

Manual scavenging is integrally linked with caste system...

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